After having been the subject of controversy and misunderstanding, hypnosis has enjoyed renewed interest and been put to increased therapeutic use.
In Switzerland, the teaching of hypnosis has a place within academic institutions and training of practitioners is recognized by the WFH.
The currently accepted definition of hypnosis is a state of altered consciousness. It is a waking state, with greater concentration, allowing for increased responsiveness and sensitivity to an idea or a group of ideas (Erickson 1958).
There are different degrees of depth of hypnosis; the lightest corresponding to a state of relaxation. With the deepening of hypnosis, some clinical signs can be observed: changes in the breathing rate, slowing down of speech and movement, reduced swallowing reflex, pallor, etc.
The therapist acts as a catalyst to promote this state, then as a guide to accompany the patient during this experiment. In all cases, the therapist cannot be intrusive, prescriptive or authoritarian. He is content to only make suggestions with patient care at all times being the main objective.
Once familiar with the technique the patient can practice self-hypnosis. This allows him to obtain benefits (pain relief, control anxiety, etc.) at any time without requiring the presence of the therapist.
Hypnosis offers interesting prospects in the current therapeutic arsenal. It finds a natural place in the treatment of psychological and somatic problems. These problems manifest with signs such as: acute or chronic pain, functional diseases, anxiety, phobias, addictions and compulsive conduct. The practice of hypnosis is widespread in the medical and dental fields.
Dr Anne-Valerie Bugnon
FMH Specialist in Internal Medicine
Dernière modification le 17.11.2016
Sauf indication contraire, ce texte a été modifié par l'équipe éditoriale.